UNWTO adopts Global Framework Convention on Tourism Ethics
The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) adopted the international Framework Convention on Tourism Ethics on Wednesday 11 September 2019, in a bid to help make the global tourism sector fairer, more ethical and much more transparent.
The Convention was adopted through the 23rd UNWTO General Assembly occurring in St Petersburg, Russia. October 2019 it’ll be available to signature by member states from 16th.
The Convention converts the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism, the UNWTO’s main policy document, from the voluntary instrument to a convention which obliges signatory States to implement the principles of the Convention.
Commenting on the announcement, Pascal Lamy, Chair of the global world Committee of Tourism Ethics, said, “In the real name of the Committee, I could only congratulate the countries who took this historic decision to raise ethics of tourism right into a binding legal instrument. Globalization has to be harnessed by principles which make it better, not worse, for humankind.”
9 Ethical Principles of the Convention
• Article 4: Tourism’s contribution to mutual understanding and respect between peoples and societies
• Article 5: Tourism as a car for individual and collective fulfillment
• Article 6: Tourism, one factor of environmental sustainability
• Article 7: Tourism, a user of cultural resources and a contributor with their enhancement
• Article 8: Tourism, a brilliant activity for host countries and communities
• Article 9: Responsibilities of stakeholders in tourism development
• Article 10: To tourism
• Article 11: Liberty of tourist movements
• Article 12: Rights of employees and professionals in the tourism sector
Extracts from the Framework Convention on Tourism Ethics
These articles/principles include provisions which have regard for the international rights & participation of Indigenous peoples in tourism:
• stakeholders in tourism tourists and development themselves should take notice of the social and cultural traditions and practices of most peoples, including indigenous peoples and recognize their worth.
• The host communities, on the main one hand, and local professionals, on another, should acquaint themselves with and respect the tourists who visit them and discover about their lifestyles, expectations and tastes;
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• Tourism activities should promote human rights like the rights of indigenous peoples.
• Travel for purposes of spiritual, cultural or linguistic exchanges is effective and deserve encouragement particularly.
• Tourism activity ought to be planned in that real way concerning allow traditional cultural products, folklore and crafts to survive and flourish, than causing them to degenerate and be standardized rather.
• Local populations ought to be connected with tourism share and activities equitably in the economic, cultural and social benefits they generate, and particularly in the indirect and direct creation of jobs caused by them.
• Special attention ought to be paid to the precise problems of coastal areas and island territories also to vulnerable rural or mountain regions, that tourism often represents a rare chance of development when confronted with the decline of traditional economic activities
• Tourism professionals, investors particularly, governed by the regulations laid down by the general public authorities, should perform studies of the impact of these development projects on the surroundings, and on natural and cultural surroundings;
Commenting on the Convention, WINTA Director, Johnny Edmonds said “the provisions of the Convention reinforce the necessity identified in the Larrakia Declaration 2012 for WINTA to play its role and offer a bridge that promotes equitable engagement between Indigenous communities in tourism and the, governments and multilateral agencies. WINTA will continue steadily to develop its Indigenous Tourism Engagement Framework Program to aid Indigenous tourism and communities industry stakeholders”.
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